Mammoth Tusk

What’s the connection between a 10,00-year old mammoth bone found in Richardson Amphitheater (aka Professor Valley) and a 1,200-year old women basket found in Hidden Valley ... aside from the fact that they were found within 30 miles of each other? While there’s no evidence that mammoths inhabited Utah at the same time as the Ancestral Puebloans, early Ute, Hopi or Navajo people, spear points found embedded in mammoth bones suggest that they had been hunted by the earliest human inhabitants of North America.

Mammoths managed to thrive in a variety of habitats across North America, and on the Colorado Plateau feeding primarily on grasses, plant and tree fragments, and berry bushes. At the end of the Ice Age the climate began to warm and dry out, causing a loss of habitat for beasts that spent most of their time searching for food. At the same time, humans migrated into North America, hunting mammoths, saber-toothed cats and short-faced bears. The combination of climate change and the presence of human predators most likely caused the population decline and eventual extinction between 13,000 and 10,000 years ago.